Chest Tube: A tube placed in the chest to allow air or fluid to escape. Used to treat a collapsed lung or pneumothorax.
Carotid Artery: A large artery in the neck. In VA ECMO, oxygenated blood from the circuit returns to the baby in a cannula placed in this vessel.
Decannulate: To remove the cannula.
ECMO Flow: The amount of blood traveling through the ECMO circuit each minute. This flow is measured in cc per minute.
Edema: Swelling of tissues usually due to excess fluid.
Head Ultrasound: A test that uses sound waves to produce a picture of the brain. Done to check for bleeding.
Intraventricular Hemorrhage: Abnormal bleeding into an area of the brain.
Jugular Vein: A large blood vessel in the neck. The ECMO cannula that drains blood into the circuit is placed in this vein.
Oxygenator: An artificial lung that adds oxygen and removes carbon dioxide.
Pulmonary Hypertension: High blood pressure in the lungs, which can prevent adequate flow of blood to the lungs. If the blood flow is not good, the baby will not receive enough oxygen.
Pneumothorax: An accumulation of air between the lung and the chest wall that causes the lung to collapse.
Trial Off: A test period off ECMO for a few minutes to determine if ECMO can be discontinued